are glad to announce the
6th Biennial International Congress
2012 Edition


The Congress will particularly concern the theme of  “PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION”.
As usual, different international professionals are invited to give their contribution (scientific researches, open studios experiences, theoretical and methodological aspects of the question, technical solutions, studies etc…) about the matter, in accordance to the aim of the minimum intervention and keeping the restorers/conservators’ perspective.

6th CESMAR7 Biennial International Congress

16 – 17th November 2012


University of Parma
University Campus Auditorium
Parco Area delle Scienze 59/A 43124 Parma


Friday, 16th November

First Day


 9.00    Registration

10.00   Welcome

10.20   Introductory address: “Before, during and…instead of restoration treatment”

E. Signorini, CESMAR7 President


First Session – PATHS COMPARED

Chairman: S. Rinaldi, University of Tuscia


10.50   A conversation with Erasmus Weddigen

E. Weddigen1, M. Fratelli2

1Founder of the first Conservation School of Switzerland and SKR/SCR, 2Staff Director for Museums, Town of Milan


11.30   For a conservation ethics: back to the principles

G. Bonsanti, formerly, Professor of conservation at Turin and Florence

In this paper, the aim of the Author is to reconsider some of the basic principles of restoration, as they have been establihed until the preseent day. These principles came to converge in the XX Century into the theoretical writings of some scholars. The risk is of resorting to them supinely while in a delicate domain as restoration a critical conscience should always be the main guide.


11.50   Poster Session - Opening

Chairmen: C. Lodi,  A. Colombo, CESMAR7

Poster presentation: brief introduction to the studies by the authors


12.30    LUNCH BREAK


Second Session – CHOICES AND METHODS: preservation and environmental control

Chairman: M. Fratelli, Staff Director for Museums, Town of Milan


14.30   The environmental control in the UNI-NORMAL and in the new European regulations for the conservation of cultural heritage

D. Camuffo, ISAC-CNR, Padua

The state-of-the-art of the Italian (UNI-NORMAL) and European (CEN/TC346) standardization concerning cultural heritage and environment is presented. The novel standards and those near to conclusion will be shortly illustrated. In particular the updating for Italy will concern not only the novel standards, but also those that have been, or will be, consequently dropped.


14.50   Some environmental control examples run within the Climate for Culture European project

C. Bertolin1, I. Bighignoli2, D. Camuffo1,2, M. Tonellato2, A. Vergottini2

1ISAC-CNR, Padua

2University of Padua

Examples of Environmental monitoring carried out on collections and buildings within the Climate for Culture European Project are presented. The aim is to illustrate observational methodologies and some results in buildings greatly different in structure, use and geographic location.


15.10   Assisted monitoring system for the preventive conservation of cultural heritage: from the project to the application

P. Mandrioli1,2, D. Fernandez2,1, P. De Nuntiis1, L. Branzanti3

1ISAC CNR, Bologna, 2Universidad de León, Spain, 3Pegasoft srl, Bologna

The environmental data collected in particular sites as museums, galleries and others allows experts to analyze the causes of deterioration and so adopt the right conservation strategies. The assisted environmental monitoring supplies the full characterization of each individual environment and helps curators and restorers to preserve the works of art under the best possible conditions.


15.30   Back to the beginning of climate control looking at the technical literature and Modern Age buildings: from data towards further observations

A. Grimoldi,  Politecnico of Milan

The most famous treatises on architecture of the Modern Era never fail to observe precepts to construct buildings consistent with the climate of its regions. Less well known is the more detailed local architecture literature, which also provides real machines, linking to the more specific texts in this field. With the evolution of finishes, including window frames, which contribute to the comfort, this literature allows a much more detailed and aware reconstruction of the climate control in the buildings between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries.

Case study 1: Villa Reale in Milan

A. Luciani, C. Manfredi, Politecnico of Milan

Case study 2: The Palazzina di Boscofontana (MN)

D. Del Curto, Politecnico of Milan


16.20   Conservation and climate control in historical buildings: a Swedish point of view

A. Luciani, Politecnico of Milan

Researches in progress at the Gotland University on the themes of conservation, climate control and energy efficiency on historical buildings are presented. Different peculiar case studies will be discussed, as well as the methodological approaches.


16.40   The conservation of historical and artistic heritage: the necessity of an integrated project

M. Ciatti, O.P.D. Director, Florence

The contribution intends to introduce the methodology applied by the Opificio delle Pietre Dure in Florence, founded on an integrated project in which collaborate in synergistic manner the maintenance, the preventive conservation and the restoration, in relation to the specificity of every single case.


17.00   Break


17.20   A City for Archives”: Digitalization and preventive conservation: a double strategy for saving our memory

M. Montanari1, A. Antonelli2

1Biologist, CESMAR7 scientific coordinator

2Scientific Coordinator of the project “A city for archives”, Bologna

“Una città per gli archivi” (“A city for the archives”), is a project funded by Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna e dalla Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna. A section of the project was dedicated to the development of a protocol for the assessment of the environmental health of the archives and documents stored in them. Prevention measures of the indoor environments of the archives, efficient procedures for inventory and innovative tools for online consultation, may preserve the memory of our archives and at the same time increasing their fruition.


17.40   The Tüchleine of S. Nicholas of Bari, Casbas, Huesca: preservation and maintenance plan

G. Ttorres Llopis, R. Piquero Fernàndez, Escuela Superior de Conservaciòn y Restauracion de Bienes Culturales de Aragòn, Huesca, Spagna

Tüchleine are a delicate support, with a painting technique that further emphasizes their fragility, specially, if the artwork has to remain in its original location. Minimal intervention, from our point of view, requires an associated maintenance plan, including the continuous training of non-professional custodians.


18.00   Determining allowable environments for cultural materials and objects

M. F. Mecklenburg1, L. Fuster Lopez2

1Smithsonian Museum Conservation Instutute, Washinghton DC USA

2Departamento de Conservación y Restauración de Bienes Culturales –

  Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Spagna

EThere are many reasons for exploring the environmental ranges that cultural objects are capable of safely withstanding. One of which is the energy consumption associated with tightly controlling a museum environment. The approach to determining the effects of changing temperature and RH on cultural materials can be simplified by making certain worst case assumptions. These assumptions are founded on the basic fact that forces and stresses which cause materials to fail (either plastically deform or crack) result when there are changing environments and the materials are restrained from movement to lesser or greater degrees. This paper exams a wide variety of materials and establishes allowable RH variations for the worst case conditions. As it will be shown, nearly all the cultural materials can withstand RH variations of +/- 15% or greater. Further it will be shown that temperature variations are not significant unless it falls below the glass transition temperature of the different paints. In addition these results will be shown to compare favorably to research results conducted using advanced computer simulations by other researchers.


18.20   Conclusion